John Kirkwood

John B. Kirkwood

Professor of Law

 Sullivan Hall 427


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  • Administrative Law
  • Antitrust
  • Law and Economics


  • A.B., magna cum laude, Yale University, 1970
  • M.P.P., cum laude, Harvard University John F. Kennedy School of Government, 1974
  • J.D., cum laude, Harvard Law School, 1974; Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review projects editor


John B. Kirkwood is a Professor at Seattle University School of Law and a member of the American Law Institute. The Supreme Court has quoted his work and four of his articles have won national awards for pathbreaking antitrust scholarship. He has published in the Florida Law Review, the Notre Dame Law Review, the Boston University Law Review, and many other journals and books. He has testified before Congress and at the hearings on predatory pricing held by the FTC and Justice Department. The New York Times, USA Today, The Seattle Times, and numerous other print and broadcast media have quoted him. He speaks often at antitrust conferences, consults on antitrust cases, and has drafted professors' amicus briefs in high-profile antitrust appeals. He is the immediate past Chair of the Antitrust and Economic Regulation Section of the Association of American Law Schools and an Advisor to the American Antitrust Institute and the Institute of Consumer Antitrust Studies. He was Co-Editor of Research in Law and Economics for eight years. After graduating from Yale magna cum laude and with Honors of Exceptional Distinction in Economics, he received a master's degree in public policy and a law degree from Harvard, both with honors. He set up the FTC's first antitrust policy planning office and later managed the Evaluation Office and the Premerger Notification Program. After transferring to the FTC's Northwest Regional Office, he led cases and investigations. At Seattle University, he has received the Outstanding Faculty Award and the Dean's Medal.


Reforming The Robinson-Patman Act, Competition Policy International (CPI) (2023).

Tech Giant Exclusion, 74 Fla. L. Rev. 4 (2021).

Market Power and Antitrust Enforcement, 98 B.U. L. REV.1169 (2018) (lead article).


Buyer Power and Healthcare Prices, 91 WASH. L. REV. 253 (2016).

Collusion to Control a Powerful Customer: Amazon, E-Books, and Antitrust Policy, 69 U. MIAMI L. REV. 1 (2014) (lead article).

The Essence of Antitrust: Protecting Consumers and Small Suppliers from Anticompetitive Conduct,81 FORDHAM L. REV. 2425 (2013).

Powerful Buyers and Merger Enforcement,92 B.U. L. REV. 1485 (2012) (winner of the Jerry S. Cohen Award for the best antitrust scholarship published in the United States in 2012).

The Predictive Power of Merger Analysis, 56 ANTITRUST BULL. 543 (2011).

Rethinking Antitrust Policy Toward RPM, 55 ANTITRUST BULL. 423 (2010).

The Path to Profitability : Reinvigorating The Neglected Phase of Merger Analysis, 17 GEORGE MASON L. REV. 39 (2009).

The Fundamental Goal of Antitrust: Protecting Consumers, Not Increasing Efficiency, 84 NOTRE DAME L. REV. 191 (2008) (with Robert H. Lande).

Chicago's Foundation is Flawed: Antitrust Protects Consumers, Not Efficiency, in HOW THE CHICAGO SCHOOL OVERSHOT THE MARK: THE EFFECT OF CONSERVATIVE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS ON U.S. ANTITRUST (Oxford Univ. Press, Robert Pitofsky ed. 2008) (with Robert H. Lande).

Controlling Above-Cost predation: An Alternative to Weyerhaeuser and Brooke Group, 53 ANTITRUST BULL. 369 (2008).

The Robinson-Patman Act and Consumer Welfare: Has Volvo Reconciled Them?30 SEATTLE U. L. REV. 349 (2007).

Buyer Power and Exclusionary Conduct: Should Brooke Group Set the Standards for Buyer-Induced Price Discrimination and Predatory Bidding?72 ANTITRUST L.J. 625 (2005) (quoted by the Supreme Court).


The Paradox of Predatory Pricing

January 05, 2022 | Competition Policy International

An essay by Prof. John Kirkwood explores effective options for legal challenges to predatory pricing.

Free Press roundup: Alden's turkey surprise

November 24, 2021 | The Seattle Times

John Kirkwood said antitrust law doesn't allow for standards based on public interest.

Washington's antitrust push could limit Amazon, Google's health care ambitions

July 01, 2021 | STAT

John Kirkwood is quoted in this article about efforts to break up big tech companies.

Amazon's reported $9B bid for MGM would make it 'king' of streaming but likely wouldn't be blocked

May 25, 2021 | Yahoo Finance

Professor John Kirkwood says federal regulators are busy with other big cases.

Amazon gears up to defend itself against escalating antitrust scrutiny

April 04, 2021 | The Seattle Times

Breakups of big firms rarely happen, Professor John Kirkwood says.