B.A., magna cum laude, Yale University, 1985
J.D., cum laude, Harvard Law School, 1988
Clerk to Judge Thelton E. Henderson, U.S. District Court, Northern District of California
Hazardous Waste and Toxics Regulation
International Environmental Law
Professor of Law
Professor Gonzalez teaches torts, environmental law fundamentals, international environmental law, and international trade law. She has published widely in the areas of international environmental law, environmental justice, trade and the environment, and food security.
Professor Gonzalez was a Fulbright Scholar in Argentina, a Visiting Fellow at Cambridge University in the United Kingdom, a Visiting Professor at the Hopkins-Nanjing Center in Nanjing, China, and a Fellow at the U.S. Supreme Court. She has created summer study opportunities in Brazil and Guatemala for Seattle University law students, and is part of a consortium of law professors that was awarded a three year grant from Higher Education for Development/U.S. Agency for International Development to conduct environmental law capacity-building workshops for law professors in Central America.
During 2011-2012, Professor Gonzalez served as Chair of the Environmental Law Section of the Association of American Law Schools. She is currently a member of the Board of Trustees of Earthjustice, co-chair of the Research Committee of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Academy of Environmental Law, and a member scholar of the Center for Progressive Reform, a non-profit research and educational organization of university-affiliated academics that seeks to inform policy debates regarding environmental regulation. She has served as member and vice-chair of the International Subcommittee of the National Environmental Justice Advisory Council (an advisory body to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency on environmental justice issues), and has represented non-governmental organizations in multilateral environmental treaty negotiations.
Professor Gonzalez holds a B.A. from Yale University and a JD from Harvard Law School. Before joining the law school faculty in 1999, she clerked for Judge Thelton E. Henderson of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, and practiced law at Pillsbury, Madison and Sutro, where she specialized in environmental litigation. She later served as an attorney at Pacific Gas and Electric Company and as Assistant Regional Counsel in the San Francisco office of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Professor Gonzalez is the co-editor of the critically acclaimed book, Presumed Incompetent: The Intersections of Race and Class for Women in Academia (with Gabriella Gutierrez y Muhs, Yolanda Flores Niemann, and Angela P. Harris, eds., 2012). Her latest book, International Environmental Law and the Global South (with Shawkat Alam, Sumudu Atapattu, and Jona Razzaque, eds.) will be published in 2015 by Cambridge University Press.
International Environmental Law and the Global South (with Shawkat Alam, Sumudu Atapattu, and Jona Razzaque, eds). Cambridge University Press, 2015.
Presumed Incompetent: the Intersections of Race and Class for Women in Academia (with Gabriella Gutierrez y Muhs, Angela P. Harris, and Yolanda Flores-Niemann, eds.). Utah State University Press, 2012.
Democracia, derecho y economía de mercado (with Colin Crawford and Daniel Bonilla, coordinators.) Bogotá, Colombia: Editorial Temis, 2010.
Articles and Book Chapters
Human Rights, Environmental Justice, and the North-South Divide in Research Handbook on Human Rights and the Environment (Anna Grear and Louis Kotzé, eds) Edward Elgar Publishing, forthcoming 2015.
Energy Poverty and the Environment in International Energy and Poverty: The Emerging Contours (Lakshman Guruswamy, ed.) Routledge, forthcoming 2015.
Bridging the North-South Divide: International Environmental Law in the Anthropocene, 32 Pace Envtl L. Rev. __ (forthcoming 2015)
World Poverty and Food Insecurity, 3 Penn. State Journal of Law & International Affairs 56 (2015), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2528568
Environmental Justice, Human Rights, and the Global South, 13 Santa Clara J. Int’l L. 151 (2015), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2573190
International Economic Law and the Right to Food in Rethinking Food Systems: Structural Challenges, New Strategies, and the Law (Nadia Lambek, Priscilla Claeys, Adrienna Wong, and Lea Brilmayer, eds.) Springer, 2014, available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2315311
Women of Color in Legal Education: Challenging the Presumption of Incompetence, 61 Federal Lawyer 48 (July 2014), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2470660
Environmental Justice and International Environmental Law in Routledge Handbook of International Environmental Law (Shawkat Alam, et al, eds.) Routledge, 2013, available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2011081
China's Engagement with Latin America: Partnership or Plunder? in Natural Resources and the Green Economy: Redefining the Challenges for People, States, and Corporations (Elena Merino-Blanco & Jona Razzaque, eds.) Brill Academic Publishers, 2012, available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2029417
Organismos Genéticamente Modificados y Justicia: Implicaciones de la Biotecnología para la Justicia Ambiental, 1 Revista Jurídica Grado Cero 13 (2012) (law journal published by the Mexican National Autonomous University), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2016627
China and Sustainable Development in Latin America, 4 Jiangxi Social Sciences 247 (2012) (peer-reviewed social science journal published by the Jiangxi Province Academy of Social Sciences, Peoples Republic of China) (published in Chinese), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2122609
The Global Food System, Environmental Protection, and Human Rights, 26 (3) Natural Resources & Environment (Winter 2012), reprinted in CSR-Academy (Summer 2012), http://www.macondo-group.com/en/agenda/Dossiers/Spotlight-Food-Crisis.php (CSR-Academy is the website of the United Nations Global Compact International Yearbook, which reports on global achievements in corporate social responsibility); excerpted in GP Solo Magazine (November/December 2012) as the best publication in 2012 of the American Bar Association Environment, Resources & Energy Section; available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2004732
Climate Change, Food Security, and Agrobiodiversity: Toward a Just, Resilient, and Sustainable Food System, 22 Fordham Envtl. L. Rev. 493 (2011), reprinted in Terry Halbert & Elaine Ingulli, Law and Ethics in the Business Environment (8th ed.), Cengage Learning, 2014, available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1756914
An Environmental Justice Critique of Comparative Advantage: Indigenous Peoples, Trade Policy, and the Mexican Neoliberal Economic Reforms, 32 U. Penn. J. Int'l L. 723 (2011), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1260048
The Global Food Crisis: Law, Policy, and the Elusive Quest for Justice, 13 Yale Human Rights and Development Law Journal 462 (2010), available at SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1567231
China in Latin America: Law, Economics, and Sustainable Development, 40 Environmental Law Reporter 10171 (2010), available at SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1486506
China en América Latina: Derecho, economía y desarrollo sostenible, 44 Revista de Derecho Privado (2010), available on SSRN:http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1566988
Squatters, Pirates, and Entrepreneurs: Is Informality the Solution to the Urban Housing Crisis? 40 U. Miami Inter-Am. L. Rev. 239 (2009), available at SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1260040.
Is NAFTA a Good Model for China?: Lessons from Mexico and the United States, 5 Jiangxi Social Sciences 244 (2009), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1485231
Environmental Impact Assessment in Post-Colonial Societies: Reflections on the Proposed Expansion of the Panama Canal, 4 Tenn. J. Law & Pol'y 303 (2008), available at SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1260029.
Genetically Modified Organisms and Justice: the International Environmental Justice Implications of Biotechnology, 19 Geo. Int'l Envtl. L. Rev. 580 (2007), excerpted in Jonathan Carlson, Geoffrey W.R. Palmer & Burns H. Weston, International Environmental Law and World Order: A Problem-Oriented Coursebook, 3rd Edition, West Publishing Company, 2012); excerpted in Stephen McCaffrey & Rachael Salcido, Global Issues in Environmental Law (West Group 2009), available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=986864.
Deconstructing the Mythology of Free Trade: Critical Reflections on Comparative Advantage, 17 Berkeley La Raza L.J. 65 (2006), available at SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1588987
Markets, Monocultures and Malnutrition: Agricultural Trade Policy through an Environmental Justice Lens, 14 Mich. St. J. Int'l L. 345 (2006), reprinted in L. Lakshmi, Environment and Health: Issues and Implications (Amicus Books, ICFAI University Press, 2008), available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=986852.
Trade Liberalization, Food Security and the Environment: the Neoliberal Threat to Sustainable Rural Development14 J. Transnat'l L. and Contemp. Problems 419 (2004), available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=987150.
Seasons of Resistance: Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security in Cuba, 16 Tul. Envtl L.J. 685 (2003), reprinted at http://www.nationalaglawcenter.org/assets/bibarticles/gonzalez_seasons.pdf,available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=987944.
Beyond Eco-imperialism: An Environmental Justice Critique of Free Trade, 78 Denv. U. L. Rev. 979 (2001), excerpted in James Kushner, Comparative Urban Planning Law: An Introduction to Urban Land Development in the United States through the Lens of Comparing the Experience of Other Nations (Carolina Academic Press, 2003), available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=987941.
Book Reviews and Introductions
Presumed Incompetent: Continuing the Conversation (Part I) (with Angela P. Harris), 29 Berkeley Journal of Gender, Law and Justice 183 (2014) (symposium introduction), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2456456.
Introduction: Presumed Incompetent: Continuing the Conversation (Part II) (with Angela P. Harris), 12 Seattle Journal for Social Justice 285 (2013) (symposium introduction), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2456454.
Book Review: Environmental Protection and Human Rights, 3(2) Journal of Human Rights and the Environment (forthcoming 2012) (reviewing the environmental human rights textbook authored by Donald K. Anton and Dinah L. Shelton), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2177774.
Presumed Incompetent: Introduction (with Angela P. Harris) in Presumed Incompetent: the Intersections of Race and Class for Women in Academia (Utah State University Press, 2012), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2017249
The Global Politics of Food: Introduction to the Theoretical Perspectives Cluster, 42 U. Miami Inter-Am. L. Rev. 77 (2011) (symposium introduction), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1919967
El Liberalismo neoclásico, el libre mercado y sus críticos(with Daniel Bonilla Maldonado and Colin Crawford) in Democracia, derecho y economía de mercado (Bogotá, Colombia: Editorial Temis S.A., 2010) (book introduction), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1558703
Reality, Theory and a Make-Believe World: the Fundamentalism of the "Free" Market (with Daniel Bonilla Maldonado and Colin Crawford), 5 Seattle J. for Social Justice 499 (2007) (symposium introduction).
Book Review: Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries, 5 World Trade Review 308 (2006). (reviewing the edited volume by economists M. Ataman Aksoy and John C. Beghin on the impacts in developing countries of domestic and international agricultural policy reforms), available on SSRN: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2528811
Op-ed, Setting the Record Straight about Latino Immigrants (with Richard Delgado and Jean Stefancic), Seattle Times, May 20, 2011, available at: http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/opinion/2015108753_guest22delgado.html
Markets, Monocultures and Malnutrition: Agricultural Trade Policy through an Environmental Justice Lens (2007) (Center for Progressive Reform White Paper), available at: www.progressivereform.org/articles/Gonzalez_702.pdf.
Environmental Justice (with Member Scholars of the Center for Progressive Reform) (2006) (Center for Progressive Reform Perspectives Series), available at: www.progressiveregulation.org/perspectives/environJustice.cfm.
An Unnatural Disaster: The Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina (2005). White paper co-authored with Member Scholars of the Center for Progressive Reform. Contributed to the section of the white paper entitled "The Two Americas," discussing issues of race, class and justice. The white paper is available at: www.progressivereform.org/Unnatural_Disaster_512.pdf.
September 24, 2015
Professor Carmen Gonzalez outlines a plan for environmental protection based on Pope Francis's vision of justice and morality.
July 23, 2015
Professor Carmen Gonzalez discusses how marginalized communities bear the brunt of economic activities that wreak havoc on the environment.